401k Contribution Limits 2020 & 2021

If you are participating in a retirement plan of 401k, then there is good news for you. There is a higher tax deduction or tax break in this year of 2020. The 401k contribution limits are raised this time round to provide the opportunity to lower tax of your income. It is truly an ideal time to replanning your saving strategy for retirement by taking the benefit of a 401k plan.

What Is The 401k Contribution Limits for 2020

Before diving into the retirement plan contribution limit, you have to understand about 401 first. What is 401k? It is a plan sponsored by the company to which its employees may contribute to. The purpose is to give a beneficial way for a retirement saving plan. As an employee, you may contribute some percentage of your income or using your tax return from the current year to contribute to 401k. However, there is a contribution limit for each employee that varies by their age and their preferable type of plan, also the amount of their income in some cases.

401k Contributions Limits 2020 & 2021

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Over 50

The contribution limit for 401k in the year 2020 has been raised in 2020 to $19,500 for employees under 50 years old. For employees over 50 years old, it is raised to $26,000.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Married Filing Jointly

401k retirement plan doesn’t provide differing options for employees with different filling status. However, if you want to join the plan with your spouse, there is an option of IRA contribution. Instead of sponsored by an employer, the IRA is sponsored by banks or brokers.

The contribution limit of IRA for someone married filing jointly if they are covered by 401k, is raised to $123,000 in 2020 from $103,000 in 2019. For someone over 50 years old, it is raised to $124,000 in 2020 from $104,000 in 2019.

The contribution limit of IRA for someone married filing jointly if they are not covered by 401k, is raised to $203,000 in 2020 from $193,000 in 2019. For someone over 50 years old, it is raised to $206,000 in 2020 from $196,000 in 2019.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Employer Match

Employer match is probably the most massive advantage of participating in a 401k plan. It is a condition where the 401k contribution of an employee is matched with the percentage of the employer. So, for instance, the employer matches 4% of your retirement plan contributions with 4% of your paycheck.

There are also contribution limits for an employer match. Here are the limits for the year 2020:

  • For someone under 50 years old: $57,000
  • For someone over 50 years old: $63,500
  • For someone whose salary less than the limits above: 100% of their paycheck

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Catchup Contribution

Catchup contribution is applicable for employees over 50 years old. The limit of 401k catchup contribution in the year of 2020 is $6,500. This is the first raise since 2015, where the limit is increased of $6,000. This limit is also relevant for anyone who turns 50 this year.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 HCE

High Compensated Employee (HCE) is the category of employees that receive a higher salary than the stated contribution limit on 401k. These prosperous employees are categorized on their own to prevent unfair benefits from the 401k retirement savings plan. In order to make sure that employees of all income categories are able to take a part proportionately in the plan, IRS utilizes the Actual Deferral Percentage (ADP) test.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 IRS

IRS is responsible to review and adjust the maximum 401k contribution limits every year, typically from October to November. They are also in charge of assessing other retirement savings plans such as individual retirement accounts (IRA). This year the maximum contribution limit is announced on November 6 at $19,500.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Roth

The contribution limit amount of $19,500 is applicable for any employee retirement saving plan, including after-tax contributions for special Roth 401k or traditional Roth 401k plan.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Calculator

To use the calculator for 401 contribution limits, you are required to provide information regarding your age and amount of income. It calculates your 401k retirement balance, the income-based retirement distribution, investment return, and percentage of contribution.

401k Contribution Limits 2020 Maximum

The maximum amount of contribution limit for 401k saving plan is summed from the total of your contribution limit and the employer contribution. Refer to the employer match contribution amount in the prior point.

Will 401k Contribution Limits Increase In 2021?

The 401k contribution limits will be released in the near time by the IRS. It is predicted that it won’t differ much from 2020. However, if the USA is undergone high deflation, there’s a possibility that the limit will be decreased.

401k Contribution Limits 2021

To learn about you’re your 401k contribution limits in 2021 according to the trend of previous years, refer to the table below:

Category 2017 2018 2019 2020 (Est.) 2021
Contribution Limit $18,000 $18,500 $19,000 $19,500 $19,500
Max. Employer Contribution $36,000 $36,500 $37,000 $37,500 $38,000
Max. for total Contributions (without Catch-up) $54,000 $55,000 $56,000 $57,000 $57,500
Catch-up Contribution for employee over 50 years old $6,000 $6,000 $6,000 $6,500 $6,500

401k Contribution Limits 2021 IRS

You may use the prediction table above before the official figures are published by the IRS, from October to November. The numbers in the tables are based on inflation and regulation used by IRS that acknowledged by law.

401k Contribution Limits 2021 Over 50

For employees over 50 years old, there is a special category of retirement savings plan called catch-up contribution, which is higher than the common contribution limit. It is relevant to use whether you have a 401k plan or an IRA plan.

401k Contribution Limits 2021 Catchup Contribution

The catchup contribution limit is likely to be the same in 2021 as the previous year, at the amount of $6,500. Without employer contributions, the figure also plausibly stays the same at the amount of $3,000.

401k Contribution Limits 2021 Maximum

As stated in the table above, the maximum 401k contribution limits for the next year of 2021 is estimated to be $19,500. In the end, the purpose of setting the limit is to prevent employees with higher income to benefit much more than the tax benefit provided for employees with average and lower-income.